There are a lot of people who are simply in love with taking pictures. Some of them transformed the passion into a job and now work as professional photographer. As a professional photographer, you can obtain important contracts for working at big events, but you probably also have your own idea about what photography is and you probably travel a lot, trying to find the best scene for the perfect photo shot. Even though you are a professional photographer, I am sure that you use certain photo effects for the photo shots that you publish in magazines and for the ones that you display in your exhibits. Luckily, this is not a disadvantage, although there are numerous critics who think that the photo effects should not exist.
Both amateur and professional photographers know a lot about photo effects and even add effects to photos. There is nothing wrong in this as long as the photo is enhanced and as long as the photo’s story is not ruined. Those who are passionate about photography and who don’t use photo effects should consider joining a workshop, as learning how to use some cool photo effects is going to be an enjoyable experience that will bring numerous benefits to the one who takes advantage of it. The output can be amazing, so learning how to use the photography effects is a good idea and it definitely isn’t a waste of time.
There are plenty of photographers who know a lot about photo effects, but they don’t use them. Well, here are four reasons why they should change their minds, as they are in a clear disadvantage. Continue reading “Top 4 Reasons Why Using Photo Effects Is A Good Idea”
How The Long Focus Attachment Works For Photographers
The art of photography often requires different types of tools. The preferred tool used at any given time depends upon what the photographer hopes to achieve. Since the purpose of each piece of equipment differs, it would be helpful to have a working knowledge of each one. As a result, photographers will be better equipped to select the right tool. This selection will allow them to take better shots of their subjects.
One important feature of the camera is the lenses, which vary in appearance, design, and purpose. For example, there is the long-focus type that is used in general photography as well as cinematography. With the special attachments, the focal length is longer than the physical length. They comprise a special group of lenses. Their purpose is to lengthen the intake of light, while simultaneously decreasing the overall design and effect.
The long-focus attachments are designed to capture different depth of field. Therefore, they are divided into two groups, medium and super. The former covers about thirty through ten degrees and the latter between eight degrees through one and below. They are designed to enlarge images that are at a distance and to affect the appearance of targeted images. Continue reading “Photography Terminology – What Is a Telephoto Lens?”
The concepts of DPI and Image Resolution create unnecessary confusion. In this article I will show you how to determine the exact image resolution you require for your print projects. This will give you the knowledge you need to never pay for a larger image size than you require, and thus save you money on your projects.
Is there such a thing as a 300 DPI Image?
Not really. DPI stands for “Dots per Inch” and simply tells you how many dots your printer will print per inch across a page. Digital image resolution on the other hand is measured in pixels. They are two completely different animals.
You need to know the DPI of your printer before you can determine the image resolution you will require for your print projects. DPI varies widely. A very fine 300 or higher DPI is usually used for magazines, brochures, etc. when close up quality is required. A billboard will typically use a coarse DPI, such as 50.
We can use elementary school math to determine the image resolution we need to purchase. All we need to do is multiply the DPI of our printer by the height and width (in inches) of our final print. Continue reading “Understanding DPI and Resolution”
Photographers who are new in the field may encounter a lot of theories, terms and rules. One of the most common among these is the ever famous “Rule-of-Thirds”.
The rule of thirds basically lets us imagine breaking an image into 3 parts, both in horizontal and vertical direction. After doing so, you can see a total of 9 squares equally divided. The points where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect are what we call the points of interest. There should be four points of interest – these are the areas where we put the focal point of an image, or where you might consider placing interesting points from your image. Not only does it add interaction with your viewer, but also the horizontal and vertical lines help you identify where you put other elements in which are also vital in the wholeness of your photo.
A good example of this is to imagine a bee sucking nectar from a beautiful flower. Usually, if your subject is a person or an animal, the point of interest can be found on the eyes or wherever you want the viewers to draw their attention to. For the given example, you can either put the imagined upper left point of interest, on the eye of the bee. This provides proper framing and gives a dramatic effect on the portrait. Continue reading “Rule of Thirds in Photography”
Some photographers offer basic editing on some or all of the shots that they give to their clients? In the age of advanced digital cameras, shouldn’t the pictures look great right out of the camera if taken by a competent photographer?
Why basic editing is necessary
While it is true, that digital cameras today are better than they ever were, they differ from their film counterparts in many important ways. In the days of film the photographers choice of film had a huge effect on the resulting picture and different films were chosen specifically for different situations. Today, many of these film effects have analogous digital counterparts but the implementation is often clumsy. More importantly the development of the digital negative in the computer inside the camera, can be done much more precisely and effectively by a more powerful computer outside the camera. In fact it is almost always better to use the most neutral settings “in camera”. This results in a shot that might lack sharpness, contrast and pop, but it preserves the most digital information, allowing the photographer to apply these corrections in a much more effective way in post production. Applying these corrections on the computer also allows the photographer to view the images at full resolution, again allowing finer control over the finished product.
The most important element to achieving natural color reproduction is shooting with a custom white balance. The lighting environment (sunlight, shade, fluorescent, halogen etc) that you are shooting in will greatly affect the colors in the photos. A custom white balance taken from a neutral source(usually a grey card) calibrates the levels of red, green, and blue to achieve a perfectly neutral grey. This will get color representation as close as possible ‘in camera” but can often be further honed after the fact. Further corrections that are often done are increasing overall saturation(the amount required great depends on the situation) and adjusting skin tones. Good looking skin tones are vitally important in portrait photography. Some skin tones photograph better than others and can often be greatly enhanced after the shoot. Continue reading “Basic Editing – Why is it Necessary?”
Photographing a fire pit is a delight and a problematic venture. First, to get a good shot of fire, it has to be a darker time of day, such as at dusk. Since that is the case, and darkness has its own set of problems like secondary light sources and their effect on the camera lenses, it is often difficult to get a good shot. Even the moon can cause problems. So, here is a short tutorial to enable you to take a good photo of a fire pit.
Your first consideration has to be that of whether or not your camera can take night pictures. If you’re a digital user, you probably have the ability to adjust your camera settings to allow good night photography. Take a good look at your instruction book and learn how to adjust the shutter speed to stay open as long as you need it to in order to have a good exposure and capture enough light to make a good picture. Most of the time, that adjustment has to be made in manual mode, not Auto (A) or Program Auto (AP) on your camera dial, although sometimes you can make the adjustment in Shutter Priority.
Your ISO will have to be adjusted as low as it can go without making too much “noise” in your picture. Noise is what happens when you get white or black spots or a sort of fog that covers the picture, depending on what you’re photographing, and a fire pit will tend to have white spots, or hot spots, if there is noise. Shutter speed and aperture will take a large role here, so make sure you know your camera’s capability. Continue reading “Fire Pit Photography”
The price of a camera lens can vary, it could be less than $100 or even over $8,000, but these lenses all do similar jobs, they produce an image on the digital sensor. Generally though it is found that a higher quality lens is better able to produce better results.
Many peoples understanding of a camera lens is limited to what they usually use a normal film camera or a digital camera with a fixed lens, so we will go over some of the other lesser known distinctiveness of the photographic lens. As we go over this things you should have a better grasp of how the lenses operate and which lens may be of the best style for you to incorporate into your photography system.
Focal distance and angle of capture sight
Normally written in millimeters, the central length of a lens is the distance from its optical center to the digital sensor, in theory this is where it makes the clearest image. The angle of capture sight of a lens is the amount of the panorama, side to side and top to bottom, the lens can keep in the photograph. Either the film size, or the sensor and the focal determine the angle of capture sight of a lens. As an example a lens that projects an image, the size of the film format or image sensor, is what determines the angle of capture sight for a particular focal-length lens. Continue reading “Learn Some of the Basics of Camera Lenses”
If you are new to photography, figuring out what zoom power you need and differentiating between the different types of zoom can be quite overwhelming. A number of new terms referring to zooming have been introduced lately in the marketing language of camera manufacturers, which only increases confusion. This article is aimed to bring a little more light into the problem and help you take a good decision when making the purchase.
Most mid-priced digital cameras have an incorporated 3x/4x lens. These numbers refer to optical and digital zoom. Most cameras have both optical and digital zoom, with the exception of a few low-priced ones, which tend to make dull and fuzzy photos. A digital camera’s zoom function is quite similar to the one of a film camera and does the same thing, namely bringing the subject closer. Anyway, in digital cameras here are two types of zoom, an optical and a digital one. Optical zoom is the one similar to the zoom of a traditional camera.
Digital zoom, on the other hand, simulates zooming by blowing up a selected part of the picture. It shouldn’t be mistaken with photo editing, which refers to applications used to modify the image after it’s been produced. Another common misconception about this type of zoom is that it is particularly useful for long distance photos. This cannot be farther from the truth. Optical zoom is much more important in a digital camera and it should be the one used as a criterion when comparing different models instead of digital or total zoom. Continue reading “Digital and Optical Camera Zoom – What’s the Difference?”
Anyone who intends to purchase a digital camera may fall for the myth of high resolution. The resolution is the number of mega pixels the camera can produce and it is said that the higher the resolution, the better your photos will turn out like. This is indeed true for certain situations, such as when pictures are printed out on larger size paper. The truth is that for plenty of camera users the advantages of a high resolution camera are close to zero.
Let’s start by understanding what a mega pixel means. Literally, it means one million pixels. A pixel is the tiniest part of a digital picture. If you have an application that you can use to zoom into an image you can really see those pixels – they look like the ‘pixellated’ effect you’ve seen on TV which hides people’s faces. Each digital image, including your PC screen, is a rectangular made of pixels: the larger it is, the more pixels it has. You can find out how many pixels your monitor has in the display settings. For example, a 1024 (horizontal) x 768 (vertical) screen has 1024×768 pixels, meaning 786,432. This means a little less than 0.8 mega pixels. So if you look at an image with a higher resolution, the rest of the pixels just don’t fit your screen and they are lost. You have to remember that you can never see more pixels than the screen can display. A 10 mega pixel image would be much resized to fit the computer screen and the remaining pixels would be lost. If your computer didn’t do that, you could only see a small section of the picture and would have to scroll up and down to see the rest. When an image is zoomed out, the number of pixels is decreased. Viewed on the computer screen, an image which only has 0.8MP and needs no zooming out has the exact same level of detail with one of 12MP which has been zoomed out. To see for yourself, open two images of small and high resolution on your computer screen and see how they look like. Continue reading “High Resolution Cameras – Facts & Myths”
Digital photography is a very interesting hobby. On highend digital cameras, the user has the choice to use either JPEG or RAW as a digital output image format. The decision to use JPEG or RAW for digital photography is always an ongoing debate.
Sometimes, it is better to use Jpeg rather than RAW. Usually, this is when file size is a constraint. This is when, a small file size is preferred.
Raw image files are also known as digital negatives. This is because this format fulfill the same role as film negatives in traditional chemical photography. Continue reading “Advantages Of RAW Over JPEG”